Passamaquoddy at Sipayik

Pleasant Point Tribal Government

Peskotom =  Pollock



THPO Research

Recommended Reading material and Articles on Passamaquoddy

Walker, Willard

Nicholas N. Smith, and Willard Walker

1997 The changing role of shamans and their magic in the validation and maintenance of Wabanaki

culture. 28:365-371.

Willard Walker

1984 Wabanaki Wampum Protocol. 15:107-122.

1996 Wabanaki “Little People” and Passamaquoddy Social Control. 27:353-361.
  1999 The Role of Passamaquoddy Children's Narratives in Cultural Transmission, Boredom Control, and the Maintenance of Ethnic Identity. 30:411-416.

2000 The Passamaquoddies and Their Priests. 31:420-427.

2001 The Passamaquoddies and the State 32:32:611-616
  2003 George Soctomah’s Hat. 34:393-399.
  2004 Wabanaki Seating Arrangements. 35:431-434.
Whalen, D.H.
  D.H. Whalen, Bryan Gick and Philip S. LeSourd
  1999 Intrinsic F0 in Passamaquoddy Vowels. 30:417-428.
Wherry, James Dennis
1979 Abnaki, Etchemin, and Malecite. 10:181-190
Vastokas, Joan.

1984 Interpreting-Birch Bark Scrolls. 15:425-444.
Vecsey, Christopher
1984 Midewiwin Myths of Origin. 15:445-467.
Teeter, Karl V.


Karl V. Teeter and Philip LeSourd

1983 Vowel Length in Malecite. 14:245-248.
Sable, Trudy


1997 Multiple layers of meaning in the Mi'kmaw serpent dance. 28:329-340.

Siebert,Frank .


1983 The First Maine Indian War: Incident at Machias. 14:137-156
Smith, Nicholas N.


1995 I'm the Last One Who Does Do It: Birch Bark Biting, an Almost Lost Art. 26:306-321.


1976 Christmas Holidays Important to the Wabanaki. 7:115-128.

1977 The Changing Role of the Wabanaki Chief and Shaman. 8:213-221.

1979 The Adoption of Medicinal Plants by the Wabanaki. 10:167-172.

1982 Meductic Reassessed 1981. 13:201-209.

1983 The Wabanaki-Mohawk Conflict: A Folkhistory Tradition. 14:49-56.

1988 From Beads to Paper: Passamaquoddy Problems and the Dissolution of a Caughnawaga Grand Council Tradition 19:191-199

1989 The Economics of the Wabanaki Basket Industry. 20:306-316.

1990 The Long Shot: Fact and Tradition. 21:337-344.

1991 The Three Faces of Katahdin. 22:336-345.

1992 Fort La Presentation: The Abenaki. 23:344-353.

1993 The Wabanaki as Mariners. 24:364-380.

1994 Gift Diplomacy: Medals for the Wabanaki. 25:406-425.

1996 The Wabanaki trading dance. 27:238-247.

1998 Stories Told at Breakup, Moose Factory 1983. 29:301-310.
  1999 Father Aubery's Liturgical Linguistics: an Ethnohistorical View. 30:323-333.

2000 Between the Lines: Notes and Insights from Forty-eight Years among the Wabanaki. 31:367-380.

Nicholas N. Smith, and Willard Walker

1997 The changing role of shamans and their magic in the validation and maintenance of Wabanaki Culture 28:365-371
Snow, Dean R.


1976a The Solon Petroglyphs and Eastern Abenaki Shamanism. 7:281-288.
Spinney, Ann Morrison
  Ann Morrison Spinney
Dance Songs and Questions of Intercultural Influence in Wabanaki Ceremonial Life. 30:334-350
Szabó, László, László

László Szabó

1977 Lemoine's French-Algonquin Dictionary. 8:168-170.

1979 Les noms de lieux dans les phrases malécites. 10:118-120.

1980 Des particules négatives dans les phrases malécites. 11:49-53.

1981 The Use of Verbal Enclitics in Malecite. 12:106-113.
Reinschmidt, Michael

Michael Reinschmidt

1995 Historical and Contemporary Aspects of the Algonquian Drum Dance. 26:431-456.
Rutherford, Douglas E.

1990 Continuity of Moorehead Phase Populations in New Brunswick and Maine. 21:329-336
Pelletier, Gaby

1979 From Animal Skins to Polyester: Four Hundred Years of Micmac and Maliseet Clothing Styles and

Ornamentation. 10:203-217.
Prins, Harald E.L.

1986 Micmacs and Maliseets in the St. Lawrence River Valley. 17:263-278.

1994 Neo-Traditions in Native Communities: Sweat Lodge and Sun Dance Among the Micmac Today. 25:383-394.

1997 “We fight with dignity”: The Miawpukek Mi'kmaq quest for aboriginal rights in Newfoundland. 28:283-305.

2002 The Crooked Path of Dummer’s Treaty: Anglo-Wabanaki Diplomacy and the Quest for Aboriginal Rights. 33:360-377
Ng, Eve
  1999 Some Data from the Intonational Segmentation of Four Passamaquoddy Texts. 30:190-205.

2000 Adnominal Demonstrative Words in Passamaquoddy. 31:255-271.
Nicholas, Andrea Bear

1986 Maliseet Aboriginal Rights and Mascarene's Treaty, Not Dummer's Treaty. 17:215-229.
McFeat, Tom

1989 Rise and Fall of the Big Men of the Northeast: Maliseet Transformations. 20:232-249
McRae, Jill F. Kealey

1994 Malecite and Passamquoddy Tales: The Spiritual Revealed. 25:315-331.

1995 The Fannie Hardy Eckstorm Collection of Penobscot Mythology: An Ethnopoetic Analysis.
Morrison, Alvin H.

Alvin H. Morrison

1976 Dawnland Directors: Status and Role of 17th Century Wabanaki Relationships. 7:495-517.

1977a Tricentennial Too: King Philip's War Northern Front (Maine, 1675-1678). 8:208-212.

1977b Western Wabanaki Studies: Some Comments. 8:230-243.

1978 Penobscot County: Disagreement Over Who Lived There in the 17th Century Needs Resolving-if

Possible. 9:47-54.

1979 The Wabanaki in Children's Literature: Some Preliminary Comments. 10:142-151.

1980 Frank G. Speck and Maine Ethnohistory. 11:8-18.

1981 The Wabanaki in 19th Century American Literature: Some Examples of How They Fared. 12:5-20.

1982 The Spirit of the Law Versus the Storm Spirit: A Wabanaki Case. 13:179-191.

1983 Wabanaki Women Extraordinaire: A Sampler from Fact and Fancy. 14:125-136.

1984 Black Robe in Boston; Rare Man/Rare Moment. 15:193-200.

1990 Dawnland Dog-Feast: Wabanaki Warfare, c. 1600-1760. 21:258-278.

1991 Dawnland Directors' Decisions: 17th Century Encounter Dynamics on the Wabanaki Frontier.


1992 Indian Land-Deed in the North-East: Some Ethnohistorical Basics. 23:298-309.

1993 The Wabanaki in White Literature: Some Further Comments. 24:306-317.

1994 The Case Of The Slandered(?) Sagamore: Ouagimou of the St. Croix River. 25:332-346.

1995 Anglo-Wabanaki Relations 1605-1630. 26:291-305.

Alvin H. Morrison and David E. Ezzo

1985 Dawnland Dualism in the Northeastern Regional Context. 16:131-149.

Alvin H. Morrison and Thomas H. Goetz

1975 Membertou's Raid on the Chouacoet “Almouchiquois” – The Micmac Sack of Saco in 1607; English

Translation of Marc Lescarbot. 6:141-179.

Alvin Hamblen Morrison

1998 Dawnland Diaspora: Wabanaki Dynamics for Survival. 29:211-224.

David L. Ghere and Alvin H. Morrison

1996 Sanctions for slaughter: peacetime violence on the Maine frontier, 1749-1772 27:105-116.
Morrison, Ann

Ann Morrison

1991 Voces Cantantes in Vestro: History of Research on Music among the Wabanaki. 22:246-263.
Leavitt, Robert M.

David A. Francis and Robert M. Leavitt

1994 More Lexical Exploration: Passamaquoddy Synonyms. 25:274-284.

Robert M. Leavitt

1979 Language and the Community: The Passamaquoddy Bilingual Program. 10:60-65.

1983 Storytelling as Language Curriculum. 14:27-33.

1985 Passamaquoddy-Malicite Preverbs. 16:73-90.

1987 Fluency is not Enough: Reassessing the Goals of Native Language Instruction. 18:165-172.

1989 Passwords: Writing Native Studies Curriculum. 20:201-207.

1992 Lexical Exploration and Educational Insight. 23:263-273.

Robert M. Leavitt and David A. Francis

1984 Passamaquoddy-Maliseet Parts of Speech. 15:319-327
LeSourd, Philip

Philip LeSourd
  2004 The Internal Structure of the Noun Phrase in Maliseet-Passamaquoddy. 35:239-263  
  Karl V. Teeter and Philip LeSourd

1983 Vowel Length in Malecite. 14:245-248.
Krieger, Carlo J.

Carlo J. Krieger

1988 Native Penobscot and European Missionary Time Concepts. 19:103-110.

1989 Ethnogenesis or Cultural Interference? Catholic Missionaries and the Micmac. 20:193-200
Ghere, David L.

David L. Ghere

1993 The Maine Experience During The French and Indian War. 24:188-198.

David L. Ghere and Alvin H. Morrison
  1996 Sanctions for slaughter: peacetime violence on the Maine frontier, 1749-1772 27:105-116.

1999 Venoms for vengeance: the history, novels and movies surrounding three interrelated "massacres in the Northeast, 1755-59. 30:108-121.
Erickson, Vincent O.

Vincent O. Erickson

1978 Some Contemporary Views of Micmac Supernaturalism. 9:204-210.

1979 The Thomas “Kyrie” Manuscript. 10:79-91.

1982 Economic Factors and the Development of Factionalism Among the Passamaquoddy in the Early

19th Century. 13:169-178.

1983 “The Mohawks are Coming!”: Elijah Kellogg's Observations. 14:37-47.

1986 Views from the House of Picpus: An Update on Deacon Sockabason. 17:121-134.

1987 And to God Speak Penobscot. 18:121-136.

1990 J.L. Tiarks: The Transculturalization of an Innocent Abroad. 21:114-125.
Ezzo, David E.

Alvin H. Morrison and David E. Ezzo

1985 Dawnland Dualism in the Northeastern Regional Context. 16:131-149
Duplisea, Chris

Chris Duplisea

1997 Cross-modal synesthetic sensory metaphors: communicationg the experience and understanding of

power in a Maliseet sweat lodge ceremony. 28:136-161
Campana, Mark


1994 Possessor-Licensing in Passamaquoddy. 25:46-58.
Bruening, Benjamin

Benjamin Bruening

2001 Constraints on Dependencies in Passamaquoddy 32:32:35-60